dear People of Somaliland,
To better understand why Waddani’s candidate Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi is not just the only reasonable but the best choice as well in this year’s Somaliland Presidential Elections, please read his Manifesto and learn more about Waddani’s goals and strategies.
- The Manifesto is the better readable version of the Reform Package we are preparing, consisting more than 350 draft laws and bills we are going to bring into Parliament after election. Those reforms have only one goal: to make a better future for Somaliland!
- Those reforms concern almost every aspects of our lives in Somaliland and are summarized in 6 Pillars which cover the most important spheres of social living, government and economy.
- To make it more clearly for you, dear voter, we decided to present the Manifesto in sections and subsections. To read you just need to click the tabs.
- If you wish to download the original document, please find a printable PDF here.
Citizens of the Republic of Somaliland, in the name of WADDANI Party leadership and members, I would like to share with you our Political Programme, with which we would like to lead this nation to a secure future. The Programme represents our strategic vision, with which we can together ensure our position in the world with the motto: self-determination is an inalienable right of ours and international recognition is an achievable goal; in the same spirit, we can together sustain our peace and stability and build a prosperous democratic society based on its Islamic heritage and culture.
This Political Programme reflects our conviction to bring back the centrality of the people’s participation in the political process and therefore bring about a bold and far-reaching reform to our political system, to make it in tune with our development needs, to open the door for the younger generation and to harness their energy to build this young nation. It is our conviction to nurture the collective spirit with which the Republic of Somaliland was founded, owned by all and built on trust and culture of accommodation among all sectors of our population from west, east and centre.
The WADDANI Political Programme is a product of a wide-ranging consultation among its members, a deep analysis of the Republic of Somaliland’s development challenges and a genuine desire to address the general and specific needs of the widest spectrum of our society. Central to our vision is to overcome poverty, to build our human resource through quality education and improved healthcare services, to create jobs through a sustainable economic growth and to ensure social justice and good governance. It is our commitment to earn the respect and recognition of the international community which the Somaliland people deserve in order to create a secure future for our coming generations.
We affirm to our people and to the international community that we will lead by the Constitution of the Republic of Somaliland and the rule of law of the nation, a clean Government free of corruption and which adheres to international human rights norms. Central to our Political Programme is also, a commitment to pursue a policy of regional economic integration and security cooperation to fight against terrorism, piracy and illegal immigration.
Hon. Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi
The Chairman of WADDANI Party
- Is committed to the Somaliland people’s unwavering aspiration for international recognition, and to build a just and prosperous society.
- Upholds the equality of the Republic of Somaliland’s citizens, and seeks a balanced regional development and equity in the use and distribution of the national resources.
- Embraces the application of the rule of law, justice, freedom and UN covenants and conventions.
- Upholds the Constitution of the Republic of Somaliland, all its national laws and the practice of participatory democratic process.
- Educates its supporters on the practice of the competitive electoral process and to embrace the democratic governance system.
- Commits itself to an accountable, transparent financial management system and to routing out growing culture of corruption and nepotism in the public domain.
- Protects the rights of the marginalized sectors of the society, including women, youth and the marginalized communities and ensures them to be fully and visibly represented in all its structures.
- Ensures that the WADDANI Political Programme promotes the Islamic culture and teachings and that no part of it contradicts them.
- Is against any discrimination based on clan, gender, region or any other form which segregates any sector of Somaliland society.
- Fights against any act that undermines the unity of the people of the Republic of Somaliland, its territorial integrity and its peace and stability
- Leads a nation with a rich history drawing from the heritage of Awdal civilization, the Sultanate of Eastern Sanaag, the Daraawiish anti-colonial struggle, the independence movement and the liberation struggle of SNM.
Together, with internal cohesion and perseverance, we can achieve international recognition. Self-determination is an inalienable right of the people of Somaliland. Key overarching goals of this manifesto are our unwavering quest for recognition and our commitment to sustaining peace.
Together, we can build an economy that brings prosperity to Somaliland people. Reducing unemployment is a priority: we will stimulate growth and create more jobs in livestock and agriculture, in fisheries and forestry. We will create new jobs in manufacturing, ICT, finance, energy and transit trade service industry.
Together, we can build a decent human care system. Reducing poverty is a priority: we will ensure high quality and affordable health care for all Somalilanders. We will provide education and clean water for every child in the country. We will mobilize the nation to renew and protect our environment for future generations.
Together, we will help our families and communities flourish. Reducing Tahriib is a priority: we will engage the youth of Somaliland to harness their mental and physical energy to build their country; raise the standards of living of the citizens through improved transport systems, housing, adequate and affordable supply of water and electricity; mother and child care and protect rights of the vulnerable.
Together, we will reform our system government. Reducing inefficiency and corruption is a priority: we will deliver a transparent and responsible government serving the people of Somaliland. We will transform state institutions, the civil service and local government to serve the people with humility, integrity and the rule of law.
Somaliland comprises the territory, boundaries and people of the former British Somaliland Protectorate, defined by various international instruments, chief among them: I) The Anglo- French Treaty of 1888, ii) the Anglo-Italian Protocol of 1894; iii) The Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1897. After being a British Protectorate for over 80 years, the anti-colonial sentiment that followed the Second World War started blowing in Somaliland as elsewhere in Africa and therefore, it became a sovereign country on 26, June, 1960. It was immediately recognized by 34 countries, including the five veto powers. However, only four days into its independence, it merged with the Italian Trusteeship of Somalia, on 1st July 1960, to form together the Somali Republic.
Two decades of acrimonious co-habitation led to a disastrous civil war, which ended the merger, and resulted in the reclamation of the Sovereignty of the Somaliland state. On 18 May, 1991 a Grand All-clan Conference in Burco, declared the formation of the Republic of Somaliland. This state fulfills all conditions of the Montevideo Convection above and beyond, but lacks individual states’ recognition, due to the current “Geopolitical” realities. Therefore, the challenge facing Somaliland is to overcome the geopolitical factor, i.e., to deal with Somalia, to foster mutual interests with the neighbouring countries as well as with the region and the wider world.
Somaliland is a SOVEREIGN State and international recognition is an achievable goal with internal cohesion and sustained improvement of internal governance and focussed international relations strategy.
Our Initiatives to Attain Recognition
- Review Somaliland efforts towards recognition so far and design a new strategy developed through a wider and more inclusive structured platform of national and friendly stakeholders dialogue.
- Establish Somaliland Institute for Recognition and Democracy (SIRD)
- Review the Somalia-Somaliland talks now hosted by Turkey and come up with a new national strategy towards these talks within the first six months of WADDANI Government mandate.
- Ensure realization of the internal conditions for a rule of law state, social justice and equitable access of all its citizens, regions and communities in state power positions and distribution of its resources.
- Tap into international support groups and individuals and build a strategy to maximize their impact. Regroup our friends in academia and civil society in the US, UK, Canada and in major European countries.
- Revive vigorously the focus on the AU channels and African member states, to also keep them abreast of Somaliland developments and to provide sustained information in their home media, especially where there is an established Somaliland diaspora. Dedicate a TV channel to inform the world about Somaliland Developments and its determination to attain international recognition, broadcasting in major international languages, Swahili, Amharic English, Arabic, French.
- Create Honorary Representatives in as many countries in the world as possible, preferably national individuals from these countries who have influence in their countries.
- Continue engaging Western powers: US, Great Britain, France and the Scandinavian countries and emphasize Somaliland’s role as a pillar of stability in the region.
- Target Scandinavian countries, to tap into their independent outlook on human rights and self-determination issues as well as their culture of mediation and conflict resolution.
- Open channels with Eastern powers and other regions of the world.
- Strengthen cooperation with the countries in our region (IGAD). Promote future regional economic cooperation/integration, common markets and open and soft borders’ frameworks.
- Strengthen our relations with Arab and Islamic countries to advance Somaliland’s case for recognition and stimulate bilateral cooperation.
- Cooperate with regional and international partners on the security interests– against terrorism and piracy; and against illegal immigration and human trafficking.
- Facilitate international investment through bilateral agreements and create a favourable domestic investment climate.
- Leverage Somaliland’s strategic location and its untapped natural resources, including hydrocarbons, other minerals and marine resources.
- Uphold all UN conventions and declarations for human rights as stipulated in the Somaliland Constitution.
- Collect, document and disseminate the widespread academic literature on Somaliland sovereignty and recognition.
While Somaliland has generally maintained peace for over two decades, the challenge to keep Somaliland safe remains to be a priority. WADDANI will prepare the nation for the defence of its state and ensure the internal safety and security of its citizens. The WADDANI Government will empower the Somaliland people to protect their young nation.
Our Initiatives to Defend the Nation and Sustain Peace
- Ensure the capacity and capability of the military to defend Somaliland borders: adequately equipped, trained technically, and aware of its duty to uphold the constitution and avoid partisan politics.
- Build a reservist system to reduce the burden on the standing army.
- Build a support system for families of frontline soldiers, financial guarantee of families of fallen soldiers and support for those sustaining permanent disability in the defence of the nation.
- Contribute to regional and global efforts to spread peace in the region.
- Build the capacity of national intelligence agencies to collect and analyze intelligence to counter the threats of terrorism, cross-border crime, human trafficking and abuse and plundering of the environment. Improve the collaboration between security agencies at all levels of Government and revisit the National Secret Services Law No. 59/2012
- Promote the general public’s role in the safety of the nation.
- Build the surveillance capacity of our security force by adopting drone technology, to protect our marine resources, protect our borders and isolated mountain regions from unwanted intruders.
- Build the human resource and equipment capacity levels of the National Coast Guard, to protect Somaliland marine resources in the national Exclusive Economic Zone from illegal dumping, piracy, poaching and destruction of the marine environment.
The WADDANI Government is ready to give priority to the safety and security of the citizens of Somaliland Republic.
Our Initiatives to be Prepared for Disasters:
- Strengthen and empower the Institutions specializing in disaster preparedness and control.
- Put in place effective early warning systems.
- Cooperate with regional government for disaster readiness and control.
- Put in place plans and reserves for droughts (water, feed and food reserves) to control the damages of recurrent droughts as well as epidemic diseases, earthquakes and weather induced disasters. The contingency plans will include: medicines and veterinary drugs, manpower including relevant disaster management skills trained personnel, finances, transport and equipment, fuel, food, water, animal feed,
- The national armed forces will have trained contingency units to play a significant role in managing disaster and emergency situations.
- Mandatory Firefighting units and volunteer corps for all regional capitals and expansion of capital Hargeisa units.
The unity of the Somaliland people is prerequisite for the aspirations of their political, economic and social development, the building of a just and prosperous society and sustenance of peace and stability. Without that unity realized and secured, Somaliland people wherever they are will have to cope with amplified challenges of all aspects of their development and security spheres, which ultimately means loss for all concerned. The Republic of Somaliland was formally formed in 1991 by signatories representing all of its communities from East, centre and west and therefore is equally owned by all.
WADDANI recognizes the grievances and demands of communities of Sool and Eastern Sanaag. WADDANI further recognizes the discrepancy in development and sharing of the benefits of the Somaliland state in which these regions lag and the instability and conflict that the Sool community suffered especially in the later years. Therefore, a WADDANI government will make its first priority to address this issue.
Our Initiative to Address Sool and Eastern Sanaag issues
- Immediately opening a dialogue process to address all concerns and demands of the Sool and Eastern Sanaag communities and shall leave no stone unturned to come to an agreement and secure Somaliland unity.
- Form a national commission which is tasked to bring out all issues on the table, follow up the implementation of all agreements and build trust among Somaliland people from East, Centre and West.
- Ensure Implementation of the agreed solutions shall have clear-cut timelines for completion and unambiguous modalities of implementation mutually agreed by all key stakeholders.
- Establish the Eastern Regions Development Fund, which will include the existing 2% development allocation, increased budgetary supplement from the Somaliland Government as well as requested contributions to the fund from the donors’ community. The purpose of the fund is to address the development lag these communities have endured.
Our Initiatives to Maintain Public Safety and Security
- Provide adequate equipment and logistics required for effective policing.
- Broaden the selection and training of security personnel to ensure provision of adequate knowledge and skills to uphold the rule of law and to perform patriotic duty.
- Support neighbourhood watch schemes officially registered to support the police counter gangs, thieves and terrorists to keep our streets safe.
- Train police to manage democratic demonstrations and ban use of live ammunition against civilian population.
- Prepare and implement the Police Forces Law
- Control small arms proliferation among the civilian population?
Our initiatives to Manage Rural Conflicts
- Empower the Regional and District Authorities, to work closely with the traditional leadership at regional and district levels, especially the ‘Aqils’ to maintain rural peace and security.
- Ensure local conflict is swiftly dealt with at the locality, before escalating into a national security threat.
- Address outstanding inter-clan grievances before escalation.
- Create a mobile police unit (Field Force) specializing in rural conflict management.
- Organize a nationwide education and consultation process to commit ‘clans' to assist authorities in catching criminals and to renounce the culture of harbouring them.
WADDANI will reform the political system to deliver a transparent and responsible Government to serve the people of Somaliland. The WADDANI government will be a rule of law Government, serving the people with humility, integrity and justice.
Our initiative to Reform the Constitution and Strengthen State Institutions
- Appoint a Constitutional Reform Committee (CRC), comprising of members of national standing and reflective of a cross-section of Somaliland society. The CRC will address gaps in the democratization process and will align it with the needs of the maturing Somaliland governance process.
- Fill in gaps in the National Constitution and strengthen its weak points to reflect the development ambitions of all Somaliland citizens.
- Any Amendments to the Constitution shall be in accordance with its Article 126 and shall be based on the limits set in Article 127 of the same Constitution.
- Fill legal gaps regarding House of Elder’s Election as directed by the Constitution. Pass the Guurti Election Law.
- Legalize women quota of 30% in the House of Representatives and the Local Councils.
- Legalize protection and Promotion of rights of marginalized social strata and citizens with disabilities.
- Uphold the checks and balances principle between the three branches of Government (Executive, Legislative and Judiciary) and strengthen their independence from each other as well as their cooperation.
- Strengthen Independence of Judiciary, effectiveness and accountability.
- Fill the gaps in the laws and regulations governing state institution.
- Clarify ambiguities and controversial articles in the Constitution such as Article 83(5), regarding the “Force Majeure” situations and Presidential elections.
- Establish the Commission to Fight Clanism, its influence in the Government System and among the younger generation.
- Hold a national census and establish a transparent locally managed civil registration system with full central government oversight.
The WADDANI Government’s projected budget growth is to double the current level, to reach USD 500 million annually, a total of USD 2.5 billion in five years. 30% of that prospective budget shall be allocated for development to enhance the provision of water, education, health, sustainable infrastructure, growth of productive sectors and delivery of transformative political reform and justice.
Our Initiative to Reform Public Financial Management Systems
- Completely overhaul public financial management systems.
- Review budget structure and introduce transparency in its preparation, monitoring and auditing processes.
- Stabilize the exchange rate of the US dollar to control growing runaway inflation which is eroding the purchasing power of the large sections of the population such as the poor and those dependent on salaries.
- Capacity building for financial institutions to use ICT for PFM.
- Ensure social and regional equity in budget allocations and expenditure.
- In the current technology advancement, it is highly possible for the next government to deploy smart cards to record public accounting and procurement data electronically.
- Strengthen National Audit Office
Our Initiatives to Reform Public Service Agencies
- Review structures, mandates and performance standards of Public Service Agencies including: The Port Authority, the Water Agencies, the National Energy Board, the National AIDS Commission, the Somaliland Roads Development Authority and the National Printing Agency.
- Ensure independence in their mandate, accountability and effectiveness of the National Tender Board, the Central Bank, the Civil Service Commission, the Auditor General, the Attorney General and the Accountant General.
- Streamline and strengthen laws governing the public sector agencies and companies to ensure transparency and accountability of their management and operations.
- Ensure public sector agencies meet high standards of efficiency in service delivery.
- Promote private-public ownership where appropriate to attract investment and enhance productivity.
- Establish independent governing boards where appropriate.
- Apply a zero tolerance policy on corruption, nepotism and rent-seeking practices to the management and ownership of these agencies.
The WADDANI Party recognizes that the Somaliland Civil Service in its present state lacks the capacity to implement government policies and programmes in a manner that meets the development and public service needs and hopes of our people. The Civil Service requires extensive reform in terms of structure, systems, skills, values and attitudes to be able to carry out its mandate effectively and to deliver the reform targets that the WADDANI Government is setting.
Our Initiative to Reform the Civil Service System
- Raise public servants’ salary immediately to adjust it to the cost of living and empower the Civil Service Commission and the Ministry of Labor to develop Civil Service remuneration and benefits’ package.
- Maintain a non-partisan Civil Service, which is recruited through open competition.
- Promote, demote or dismiss civil servants based only on performance and legalities.
- Review and implement the Somaliland Labour Law.
- Establish a systematic sustained competence development programme to build the professional skills and competencies of the Civil Service.
- Create a personal development plan for every public employee with adequate training and personal development opportunities. Demand professional advancement from every public employee.
- Design and implement a realistic but attractive and affordable pension scheme to honourably retire pensionable civil servants.
- Improve and provide polices that ensure a healthy and safe work environment for all workers in Somaliland: a safe and healthy work environment is a right for everyone working in Somaliland.
- Establish compensation for work-related injuries, illnesses and disabilities.
- Introduce employment contracts which ensure appropriate payment levels and benefits of employees and execution of their duties
- Strictly enforce contractual eight hours-working day and explore possibility of two-day weekend. Time squandered from public service is treated as fraud.
We are committed to deepening democratization and commit ourselves to a Zero- Tolerance Policy to corruption as a priority of the WDADDANI strategic agenda. The Good Governance and Anti-Corruption Commission will be one of our key national development drivers and shall function in the most effective and efficient way that is possible anywhere in the world.
Our Initiatives on Zero Tolerance Policy to Corruption
- Address the Scourge of Corruption: Legislate against corruption of public officials at all level of responsibility – payers, takers and brokers of bribes are all prosecutable; vote buying and corruption of election officers are treated as bribery and prosecutable.
- Develop an anti-corruption guide to educate both the public and the government officials.
- Stamp out Corruption at lower levels of administration and law enforcement: from business registration and licensing systems and offices; from Public services – land registration and allocation; water agencies services, police stations, transport registration and licensing, legal system services; from tax and tariff agent’s outlets.
- Create a “blacklist” of convicted corrupt official of all branches of Government as well as business people. Convicted corrupt persons will not be eligible for public employment and convicted corrupt business people will be barred from public contracts directly or in association.
- Reform and empower the Good Governance and Anti-Corruption Commission and the Audit Department: to be independent, effective and accountable.
- Enact a freedom of information bill and promote role of the media to expose corruption.
- Establish a telephone hotline system against corruption
- Make the public tendering system transparent, technically robust and well monitored.
- Pass stronger laws to stop nepotism, favouritism and rent-seeking actions.
- Protect people who report others (‘whistle-blowers’).
- Recover public resources proven to be embezzled whether in or outside the country.
We will start a public debate on a National Rights and Freedoms Charter exploring existing international examples. We will promote rights of marginalized communities and citizens with disabilities. We will support and protect relevant civil society bodies and programmes working on rights issues.
Our Initiative to Reform the Justice Delivery system
- Enhance the capacities of the Supreme and Constitutional Courts and review to introduce the jury system; any change shall be according to the Constitutional Amendment procedure.
- The Constitutional Court Panel of Judges need to have experience and/or specialization in Constitutional Law.
- Review to make Criminal Investigation Department independent, raise skills of investigators and modernize its methods and equipment.
- Improve the delivery of justices by training all levels of the justice system personnel and by providing adequate and independent funding.
- Introduce an appraisal system of judges and justice system performances.
- Review and formalize role of the traditional Alternative dispute resolution system to avoid costly and delayed litigation
- Support Legal Aid Clinics to provide access to the justice system to the lower income people; establish criteria of eligibility of service.
- Stamp out corruption in the court system. Learn from effective international experiences.
- Give qualified judges a secure tenure.
Our Initiatives for an Independent Media
- Institutionalize freedom of the press and uphold the democratic use of all public media.
- Make licensing of private and community media transparent (including print, broadcast and electronic media).
- Establish independent stakeholder Boards to regulate and assure that they provide efficient and quality service to the public and the rights of citizens are respected.
- Legalize private/community radios and regulate them through independent boards and state regulations.
- Prepare Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act to legislate
- Apply online technologies to make civil servants more accountable to the people; refrain from corruption and observe paid work-time.
- Automate and network key financial agencies such as the Ministry of Finance, the Accountant General Department and the Central Bank.
- Employ younger technology savvy people to manage these systems.
- Create a well maintained website for every Ministry and Public Institution to ensure access of information and services for the citizens.
- Make laws and regulations available online for public access.
- Train civil servants to be competent and sustain use of the computer systems.
The purpose of the local level of government is to bring delivery of basic services and participation closer to the people. Local government must nurture a culture of democracy at the local community level and address the growing governance, security and environmental challenges. Today, the Somaliland people do not see their local governance systems and structures fulfilling these aspirations. Most citizens are dissatisfied with the performance and ethics of the local councils and governments. The WADDANI Government is committed to bringing people-centred change to their local governance system.
Our Initiatives to deepen the decentralization process
- Deepen the decentralization process and empower local governance systems and institutions for effective transformation.
- Follow constitutional articles 110,111 and 112 and review and rationalize relevant laws such as laws # 23 and #12.
- Expand local governance structures and administration to all communities of Somaliland
- Promote the independence of local councils, build their capacities through training and technical support to be able to take their constitutional responsibilities to provide efficient services to their constituencies.
- Review the efficacy of Central Government financial transfers and raise the allocations of the poorer regions and marginalized communities.
- Expand the local administrative system in Sool and Sanaag and earmark funds for a special development strategy to improve services to the population of these regions.
- Revitalize the coastal districts and communities to receive governance services and facilitate improvement of their economy and social services.
- Fight local government corruption through effective oversight bodies and enforced laws.
- Form a Notary Public to ensure documentation and verification of deeds and contracts legalities and other standard practices of such office.
- The Executive Secretary of Local Governments should be recruited through open competitive process.
Our Initiative to Reform Local Government System
- Initiate public debate on the electoral system – review the open-list system that is inforce now and explore alternative systems.
- Review communities’ access to local public services and redesign local government structures at village, district, and regional level.
- Expand, amalgamate and strengthen existing systems with a focus on efficient and adequate delivery of services.
- Empower communities to monitor the work of their local public employees and the quality of services provided.
- Educate the electorate on its rights to hold Local Councillors and officials accountable; ensure participation of the public in the Local Government key decisions such annual budget preparation, revenue collection and allocation, and land management.
- Provide local FM radio to cover community issues for public debate and for citizen’s access to local council meetings and activities.
An effective elected Legislature is the central pillar of the democratic system and practice. Therefore, the WADDANI Government will ensure its independence the balance of power between the three Branches of Government - the Legislature, the Judiciary and the Executive – in this constitutional government system which the Republic of Somaliland has adopted.
Our Initiative for an independent and effective Legislature:
- Reform the Guurti House to be compatible with the Somaliland Democratic development system through the Constitutional reform process.
- Full Implementation of the existing electoral laws and to overcome the delays that currently characterise the Somaliland electoral culture.
- Ensure the respect of the legal immunity of the MPs and the exercise of their mandate.
- Adequacy of the budget for the Legislature and the independence to spend it according to the Legislature plans.
- Healthy cooperation of the Executive with the Legislature to prepare and pass laws needed for the development of Somaliland.
- Facilitate the effective linkage of the MPS with their constituencies to ensure people get representation services wherever they live.
- Review the current ‘open list electoral system’ vs the ‘adoption of party list system’.
- Settle the regional House of Representatives Seat Allocation through a National census.
Our initiatives to create growth
- Facilitate the growth and transformation of the traditional production sectors - livestock, agriculture, fisheries and gums/resins - to maximize their employment capacity through export tax incentives, access to investment, a healthy environment and research and development input.
- Realise the exploitation of the national oil and mineral resources, to attain the urgent economic and social development that the Somaliland people is longing for.
- Incubate the emerging financial sector to lead an efficient service and transit economy in Somaliland to boost employment and to open business credit avenues.
- Promote regional economic cooperation and open borders to build a regional infrastructure of a network of roads, railway-link and energy grids and efficient transit service and trade system.
- Promote young entrepreneurship; harness talent and innovation; targeted transfer of technology and promotion of local knowledge and sharing best practices in all sectors.
- Empower women to utilize their talents to set up business. Design entrepreneurship support programmes and explore and access international initiatives such as the US African Growth and Opportunity Initiative (AGOA) and Vital Voices.
- Exploit the location of Somaliland to become a bridge between developed economies in the east and west and between Africa and the Middle East. Promote Somaliland as a gateway to Ethiopia and beyond into the landlocked countries of central Africa.
- Invest in economic infrastructure: Roads, Airports, Seaports, Electric power generation, water security, and development of skills for use of new technologies.
Tackling poverty and unemployment are WADDANI Government’s priorities. While poverty is widespread overall in Somaliland (Per Capita $346 – 4th lowest in the world), there are highly vulnerable population strata in cities as well in rural areas – including impoverished groups among the nomadic and rural migrants to the cities. According to official statistics 29% and 38% respectively of urban and rural population are below the poverty line. A WADDANI Government is committed to reduce poverty.
Our Initiatives to Reduce Poverty
- Establish the Eastern Accelerated Development Authority with funds from budget, donor agencies and private donations
- Design rural financial management education and explore localized safety net schemes (rural reserve/saving instruments) to manage their income hikes such as in the hajj season.
- Stabilize the dollar exchange-rate induced inflation which affects cost of living of the general population
- Organize and streamline food aid supplies to vulnerable urban poor
- Budget support for orphans and vulnerable children in collaboration with municipal Governments and ZAKA Charity.
- Design tax relief policies for food and other necessities for the poor to protect individuals and households from the impact of adverse shocks to their consumption.
- Ensure that different levels of Government meet their constitutional obligations on the provision of basic services, including affordable health care, education, food and shelter.
- Establish a health-care package that includes maternal care and treatment for pandemics diseases such as HIV-Aids.
- Address poverty drivers related to gender and regional disparities and the urban-rural divide.
Reducing unemployment is a key commitment of a WADDANI Government. We are committed to promoting value-added livestock products, maximizing the potential of transit trade with Ethiopia, improving food security and increasing local investment in import substitution manufacturing.
Our Initiatives to Create Employment
- Accelerate infrastructure development in marginalized regions.
- Expand skills training and job placement for marginalized youth.
- Design programmes to protect rural population from asset depletion from droughts and environmental degradation.
- Build the human resources capacity and skills of the people of Somaliland through quality technical and ICT education and targeted skills development.
- Create Economic Cluster Ministries sub-sector Strategic Plan to promote Foreign Direct Investment in physical infrastructure and energy sectors for longer term economic growth and for an immediate boost to employment.
Our Initiatives to Create Jobs in the Livestock Industry
- Provide extension services to raise the scientific animal husbandry knowledge of the producer – use of extension teams and regular radio and TV programmes focusing on educating the pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities as well as the emerging ranching communities.
- Improve animal health services by strengthening the human resource component - Vet doctors and technician corps, ensuring adequate supply of veterinary drugs and improve outreach through use of mobile vet and extension units.
- Improve the water supply situation of both human and livestock consumption: Prepare “Jiilaal” (long dry season) contingency plans and drought preparedness systems for the supply of water, animal feed, vet drugs and care for the people in distress.
- Better management of the common pasture lands to reverse the deterioration of its capacities: for sustainability of use, regulate rangeland resources for both common pasture as well as growing private acquisition; improve capacities of inter-disciplinary institutions that are working on the systems.
- Support animal feed production business and encourage innovation and adaptation of international varieties of animal feed.
Our initiatives to transform the livestock market systems
- Improve services at major livestock markets, quarantine grounds and shipping facilities.
- Review and rationalize the tariff burden on export livestock to ensure its competitiveness in the Gulf and other international markets.
- Promote Somaliland frozen meat production and find markets in Arabia, Africa and Asia.
- Find increased local and international access to credit for ranching and manufacture promotion – encourage younger generation entrepreneurs to get employment in the sector.
- Build a poultry breeding supply farm financed jointly by the state and the private sector. Promote poultry farming, to satisfy local market demand and to improve nutrition of household consumption foods both in rural and urban areas.
Our initiatives to create jobs in agriculture and raise production levels
- Invest in scientific research and knowledge to establish databases for land classification on its suitability for agriculture as well as for different crop varieties in different parts of Somaliland.
- Support agricultural research and extension institutions and build soil analysis capacities at the regional and district levels.
- Invest in enhancing the skills and knowledge of the farmers through increased extension and training services, increased professional cadre support, targeted media education programmes.
- Build relevant agricultural and farming subjects, both theory and practice, into the curriculum of primary education.
- Promote commercial farming ventures and allocate land for investment.
- Create agriculture credit guarantee scheme in collaboration with the private sector to support youth entrepreneurs.
- Support small farmers with tractor hours, seed distribution, pest control, water catchments and irrigation to increase local food production.
- Provide 95,000 tractor hours to small farmers to investment in national food security.
- Regulate seed imports and supply; protect the gene pool of Somaliland crops.
- Promote local food production; promote indigenous cereal varieties as well as introduced nutritive crops such as quinoa, beans and oils seeds.
- Explore runoff water catchments in the Gollis Range and dams in big seasonal rivers for agricultural use.
- Revive annual agricultural production fairs.
- Raise awareness and train farmers on the adoption of irrigation methods based on harvesting and conservation of rain water.
Our Initiatives to Improve Agricultural Market Systems and Infrastructure
- Improve access of farming communities and potential agricultural land to markets by building feeder roads and improving telecommunications.
- Improve physical market infrastructure including food stalls; power and water supply to improve refrigeration and hygiene.
- Promote Somaliland investment in local food products especially vegetables, fruits and cereal by regulating their importation.
- Explore and study export opportunities in the Gulf countries.
- Strengthen laws and regulations against plant disease and abuse of pesticides by enacting plant quarantine legislation and pesticide law and regulating the use of GM seeds and foods and study their effect on indigenous food plants.
- Promote farmer cooperation to pool their resources and to improve their production and marketing skills.
- Encourage charitable and UN organizations both local and international to buy local produce before they import locally available products for distribution purposes.
Our Initiatives to Create Jobs in the Fisheries Industry
- Commission a study to establish the quantifiable marine resource potential of Somaliland.
- Support and expand training centres for fishing communities.
- Support fishing cooperatives in Zeila, Lughaye, Berbera, Karin, Shalcow, Xiis, Maydh, Las Qoray and Elanyo.
- Support fish farming projects among coastal communities
- Support marine learning institutions and development of professional cadre to open the potential of the sector.
- Build marine studies into the curriculum of primary education.
- Promote consumption of fish and support local market facilities: physical infrastructure, utilities, health and sanitation services
- Promote growth of the commercial fishing industry and related infrastructure including transport, cooling and canning systems and to regulate processed fish imports.
- Ensure full control of Somaliland Exclusive Economic Zone and protection from waste dumping, overfishing and piracy.
- Support sea transport to connect coastal communities.
- Promote local boat construction industry.
- Promote marketing ventures with Ethiopia and Djibouti.
The gums and resin sector in Somaliland has great potential to contribute to the national economic growth and job creation. However, it faces serious challenges which include problems of infrastructure, isolation and lack of development of the communities that depend on it as well as limited access to international markets and investment.
Our Initiatives to Create Jobs in the Gums and Resins Industry
- Prioritize the sector in the national strategic frameworks to develop sustainable and transformed gums and resins industry that contributes to Somaliland’s economic growth, and is branded in the international markets as Somaliland products.
- Establish national training, research and development labs and high-tech research centers to propagate the available natural resources including gums and resins plants and promote the value addition efforts within the country. Maintain the sustainability and conservation of gum producing trees.
- Improve public services access in the production areas i.e. roads, water, security and health in order to increase the productivity and ensure local communities have returns of what they produce.
- Gums and Resins Management Public Policy shall be developed in line with land tenure and productive assets national policies and protocols.
Promote investment in the sector to improve its production, marketing and job creation capacities. Support national companies and cooperatives investing in the sector.
Local industries are facing crippling competition from the dumping of cheap imports. The WADDANI Government is committed to promoting manufacture industries based on indigenous resources.
Our initiatives to create manufacturing jobs
- Develop policies to promote local industrial development and to protect domestic industries from dumping and unfair competition.
- Amend the Public Procurement Act to favour Somaliland products and obligate locally manufactured components.
- Support the Chamber of Commerce to promote our products and services internationally in collaboration with relevant Ministries.
- Address the energy problem facing the emerging and existing Somaliland industrial enterprises.
- Negotiate with Ethiopia for Hydro-energy procurement and develop Somaliland renewable energy resources.
- Review the Investment law to establish a minimum level of funding for international investors to minimize crowding of retail market and squeezing out of local investors.
- Promote and protect traditional crafts including livelihood sectors for the marginalized communities.
- Streamline international labour sponsorship and the work permit system. Categorize skill imports and identify types of professions required for Somaliland development. Priority of job opportunities should be for Somaliland citizens.
- Promote industry fairs to showcase Somaliland products and best practices.
- Support research and development institutions and their linkages with business
- Build industrial park areas with infrastructure to create incentive for investors.
- Create industrial free-zones along the coast for international investors.
- Invest in iron processing plant to produce spare parts for local manufacture factories.
The WADDANI Government is committed to unleash the well-known entrepreneurial and trading spirit and skills of the Somaliland people to create business services hub in Somaliland
Our Initiatives to Create jobs in the Import / Export Trade
- Develop a comprehensive policy and relevant regulatory framework for Somaliland as a world class transit and service trade economy hub.
- Explore free port services at Berbera and establish free-zone economies on the long Somaliland coast, learning from the experiences of Dubai, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Djibouti.
- Cooperate with Ethiopia and its 5th Region on transit trade and soft border policies.
- Strengthen Somaliland ports and businesses to develop top level services and facilities.
- Negotiate trade agreements and seek preferential relations for Somaliland traders to have access to the markets of our trading partner countries.
- Diversify Somaliland exports to strengthen minerals, salt and fishery products export.
- Facilitate business establishment process to remove red tape through use of online methods and reduction of licensing and registration steps.
Our Initiatives to Create Jobs in the Financial Sector
- Facilitate the development of the finance industry to stimulate growth and encourage investment and productivity.
- Strengthen Somaliland Central Bank as the Regulator, to ensure finance institutions’ compliance with national rules and processes, with international regulations; monitor and supervise the finance service institutions to protect depositors and investors resources.
- Complete legal procedures for establishment of commercial banks as a source of credit access for business operations and entrepreneurs in line with Islamic banking norms. Encourage international banks to establish branches in Somaliland.
- Introduce special tax incentives to financial institutions that lend to sectors identified by the government as a priority to stimulate youth employment and social equity.
- Mobilize resources from private and public funds to establish a Development Bank to support growth of national productive sectors.
The WADDANI Government will invest significantly in development of Somaliland ports especially the Port of Berbera and its corridor to Ethiopia.
Our Initiatives to Develop the Ports and Transit Trade
- Completing the Berbera Corridor initiative.
- Developing Berbera Port capacity to compete with the wider transit capacity ports.
- Modernizing management system and operating technology.
- Building a container terminal and improve other important maritime services required, while protecting the local import services.
- Positioning it to serve Ethiopia and Beyond in Africa.
- Exploring development of a rail system as part of the Berbera –Ethiopia Corridor and through to the heart of Africa landlocked countries to access our ports.
- Explore other western and Eastern corridors to Ethiopia.
- Invest in a ‘dry dock” to provide some shipping repair services.
There is a lot of know-how and potential in the information and communication technology sector. The WADDANI Government is committed to developing the ICT sector and attracting foreign direct investment.
Our Initiative to Promote ICT Industry
- Develop regulation for Telecommunication business to deliver efficient service and support it to create technical and knowledge based jobs for the youth.
- Promote development policies of IT services, call centres, e-businesses, electronic printing services, as a cluster of industries conducive to boost youth employment.
- Development and regulation policies for the media industry including: TVs, Radios, social media, online news, magazines etc.
- Promote incubation schemes for ICT Products – industrial park for ICT investment
- Exploiting of our untapped Natural Resources: Energy and Minerals
Our energy sector is still in the formative stage. Somaliland has great potential in hydrocarbon, wind and solar wave power energy. The WADDANI Government is committed to ensuring transparency in the emerging oil sector. We will learn from world experience to avoid identified pitfalls and ensure that hard-won peace will not be disrupted because of individual greed.
The Commitment of WADDANI Government in the sustainable development policy of petroleum resources is anchored on the principle that sustainable development meets present needs without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs. It encompasses three key objectives: economic development, social development and environmental protection.
The extraction of petroleum creates numerous demands, including the effective and sustainable extraction of the petroleum, protection of the environment in which petroleum extraction occurs, security for personnel, and protection of other uses of areas where petroleum activity occurs. To meet these demands, Somaliland needs to establish an appropriate regulatory framework with legal and administrative institutions that will balance the demands of petroleum extraction with the sustainable development of the petroleum resources to ensure that future generations reap the benefit of the extraction of petroleum.
Our Initiatives to Promote Sustainable use of the Natural Resources of Somaliland
- Prepare a comprehensive Natural Resource Law to pass it as a priority legal agenda.
- Ensure transparency of agreements and their legalization through the Parliament.
- Formulate “Petroleum Policy” to address both general principles and following important aspects of the different phases of the value chain including:
- Pre-Licensing phase; licensing stratgey and Licensing process; Development and Production; Production termination and decommission.
- Ensure petroleum operations are undertaken in a manner that complies with national environmental policy, labour laws, and other related sectors’ regualtions and standards.
- Establish institutional and legal frameworks to ensure transparency in managing money from oil companies
- Establish independent agencies affliated with the Ministry to ensure efficient and transparent managment of these important resources; chief among these agencies is the Health and Safety Environment Agency (HSEA).
- Management of Petroleum Revenues prudently, and avoid the resource curse phenomenon.
- Create tax and land incentives for investors in the mineral and hydrocarbon sectors and related industrial sectors.
- Learn from and build on successful world experience including Norway and other resource rich industrialized countries to manage Hydrocarbons and other minerals’ income to optimal benefits.
- Adopt the motto “inherited wealth is finite, but created wealth leads to sustainable development”.
- Establish a national oil company in which the government is the major stakeholder and the rest of shares are for the public.
- Create a sustainable fiscal policy to save and invest hydro-carbon resources income. Pursue a model of strategic economic diversification; Invest earnings of the sector to modernize national traditional production sectors – Livestock, Agriculture, Fishery and Forestry; and develop manufacturing from the petro-chemical industry.
- Invest in Human Development to produce skilled cadres in the emerging hydro-carbon sector as well as other key skills required for Somaliland economic growth.
- Ensure local engagement provisions in the mineral and hydrocarbon industry agreements.
- Promote awareness of the oil industry through the media and dedicated information centres, in areas where the exploration is taking place.
- Promote employment and training of locals for business and service in the industry as well as skilled jobs for long-term development.
- Allocate a fixed percentage of income from oil industry to the Local/Regional Government projects to augment its development resources and to offset any social and environmental burden sustained due to development of the resource infrastaructure; compensate reasonably any loss of livelihoods of the local communities.
- Commission studies to determine its impact on the local communities in both positive and negative ways.
Developing the Energy Sector
Our Initiatives to Develop the Energy Sector and Exploit Clean Power
- Put in place sector policy to promote investment in renewable energy sectors such as solar and wind, which can achieve production costs conducive for national productive industries sustained development.
- Ensure quality of imported fuel and protection of citizens from speculative price hikes.
- Ensure enough and reliable energy supply for industrial growth.
- Explore wind energy generation (wind farms) for development of coastal
industries and communities.
- Create incentives for private investment to harness our clean renewable energy: build wind and solar farms for urban and rural electrification.
- Promote wind turbines to address the expanding need for water pumping power.
- Support the replacement of wood fuel with propane cylindered gas; Promote
biogas energy use.
- Plan a national electricity grid and establish a National Electricity Board to organize the fragmented private sector companies to provide efficient and affordable services to the public.
- Commission a study on how to exploit our coal resources in the Gollis Range mountains in an environment friendly way.
- Promote investment in the construction of oil depots to have strategic fuel reserve.
Our initiatives to encourage tourism and international investment in tourism
- Encourage international airlines, international hotel groups and international tourism companies to invest in the Somaliland coastal and mountain range tourist potential.
- Promote tourism to cultural heritage sites such as Las Geel, to be adopted as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Somaliland diaspora has been playing a leading role in all stages of Republic of Somaliland’s development: peace and reconciliation, reconstruction, recovery and development processes. It continues to play to a critical role in shaping the future of Somaliland into a vibrant constitutional democratic state, and a dynamic economic player in the horn of Africa and adjacent Arabian Gulf region.
Our Initiative to Mobilise and Harness Somaliland Diaspora Resources
- Maximise the benefits of the remittances system to a more sustainable and mature economic development process, including banking and capital markets development.
- Tap into the capacities and resources of diaspora in trade and foreign direct investment potential to create a conducive climate for them: explore financial instruments and other development opportunities which could attract diaspora investments;
- Maximize the benefits of diaspora potential of transferring of skills and knowledge: Transfer state-building, democracy and governance skills and knowledge; transfer of technology and scientific knowledge and skills; transfer of corporate relationships, and other economic skills and knowledge;
- Create a conducive climate for their return and investment: including lowering of visa costs for families and children, improve councillor services in the settlement countries, create support services for their relocation; attract their tourism and retirement service investment, protect property rights and remove bureaucratic red tape to encourage diaspora investment.
The Somaliland people suffer from poor sanitation, drinking of unsafe drinking water, poor nutrition, poor and shortage of health care services, high infant and maternal mortality, in both urban and rural communities. The WADDANI Government is committed to social investment to ensure better healthcare through improved living standards, robust prevention systems and overall institutional strengthen of the Republic of Somaliland Healthcare System.
Our Initiatives on Expanding the Accessibility of Health Services
- Expanded access to basic health services to serve all Somaliland communities: through the strengthening and structural completeness of the healthcare system, comprising of Referral Hospitals, General Hospitals, Special Hospitals, Regional and District Hospitals as well as Healthcare Centres, MCHs, Health Posts and PHC system
- Build 90 health centres in both urban and rural areas of all Somaliland regions: Awdal, Maroodijeex, Saaxil, Togdheer, Sool and Sanaag and in all their sub-divisions into regions, districts and villages.
- Strengthen preventive health policy and expand primary health care system.
- Raising quality of Existing hospitals and expanding capacity of all district health systems.
- Establishing an international standard hospital to care for all kinds of health needs for which there is treatment.
- Building the moral and knowledge levels of all healthcare personnel.
- Give priority to the health of mothers, yet to be born children and those under five years of age; will have an effective plan in which every Somaliland mother can get a full healthcare during pregnancy, birth and nursing stages; will prepare the skilled personnel which will take care of mother’s needs during these stages and especially during delivery; will have a complete emergency plan for evacuation of any pregnant women, especially during delivery, wherever she is, to an adequate health care service area.
- Establish and empower a well-equipped agency for the quality control of food and medicines
- Increase education and training for all levels of medical personnel to improve the availability of healthcare professionals.
- Expand nurses training facilities.
- Support medical schools in key universities.
- Pass a Mental Health Bill to focus on improved mental health care.
- Increase the availability of psychiatric services personnel.
- Train and licensing mental healthcare providers to address the growing problem of imposters and sub-standard practices.
- Prepare Somaliland National Health Service Law
- Explore health insurance systems to be adaptable to Somaliland circumstance.
Our Initiatives on Prevention Strategies
- Adopt policy of strengthening disease prevention capacities.
- Provide clean drinking water in every corner of the country
- Provide a free hepatitis B vaccination to all children under the age of 16 years, to households and families of people with chronic HBV infection, to health care professionals, and to pregnant women who show as HBsAg- negative after serologic screening.
- Hire newly graduated doctors to rural and underserved areas of the country to address acute health care deficiency in rural areas.
- Introduce a screening for hepatitis and HIV/AIDS for all foreign workers to prevent the spread of diseases.
- Make mandatory the use of seat belts and regulating the speed and number of passengers per seats to reverse the increasing trend of vehicle-related deaths and injuries.
- Provide free folic acid for all pregnant women.
- Introduce focused public education on the prevention and management of diabetes, hypertension, bad cholesterol and all mainly lifestyle-dependent diseases. Interventions will include the facilitation of associations for specific diseases such as a “Diabetes Association”.
Our Initiatives on Strengthening Disease Control and Preparedness
- Increase preparedness against epidemic and pandemic outbreaks such as Ebola.
- Increase support for HIV/AIDS, TB, respiratory diseases, malaria initiatives and other common diseases.
Our Initiatives to Improve the Healthcare for the vulnerable Social Strata of the Society
- Building on the MDG to achieve targets of the SDGs -2030 for maternal and child care Cooperate with international health agencies such as WHO and UNICEF to align their support programmes to achieve these goals.
- Build the legal framework to determine how traditional medical services can operate alongside health services within the district.
- Regulate drug imports and ensuring availability of quality drugs, vaccines and consumables.
- Strengthen rural health provision including deployment of mobile units.
- Explore affordable basic health coverage system for the vulnerable sectors of the society.
Our Initiatives to Improve the Sanitation of Cities and Rural Communities
- Address urban garbage and pollution: stop dumping of garbage, restaurant refuse and household waste into dry water ways. Clean dry water ways in all major settlements to turn them into recreation grounds for the city population.
- Support non-profit organization efforts on latrine extension programs.
- Develop standard latrine designs and regulate distance between latrines and water supply sources
- Strengthen the sanitation monitoring and oversight bodies in cities and villages of Somaliland.
- Develop sanitation guidelines for rural communities and obligate a designated sanitation officer.
- Provide hand washing facilities in all public places and demand private public use places to have them.
The Somaliland education system faces huge challenges characterized by: Very low gross enrolment rate averaging 44% (about 48% for boys and 39% for girls); serious regional and rural-urban disparities; Curriculum gaps and lack of focus, incoherence and lack of vision for development; Poor quality in the perspective of teacher training and support, pedagogy, learning materials/labs/libraries and leadership in school management including parental and community participation; Limited funding resources.
The WADDANI Government is committed to achieving education for every child and to making the curriculum relevant and improving the quality of education at all levels. The WADDANI Government is committed to making education central to the two key national overarching development goals: economic development and nation building. Reaching these goals will deliver the human capital engine for economic growth and will inculcate a sense of national responsibility in the Somaliland young.
Our Initiative to Reform Education
- The WADDANI Government will implement a comprehensive educational policy by reviewing, updating and enhancing the existing legal and policy instruments for the educational sector including the Somaliland Education Act (2007), the Somaliland National Educational Plan and the Teacher Education Policy.
- The WADDANI Government will improve Education Governance system
- The Central Government goal is to remain responsible for policy formulation and national planning for education, setting standards and norms, monitoring and evaluation, curriculum reform and production and approval and development of educational material.
- Local Government will take responsibility for the execution of policy, planning and the follow up of education activities at district and regional level as well as the general administration of schools.
Our initiatives to improve the standard of Somaliland education
- Strengthen funding for education to improve its quality
- Reform curricula and providing a high quality and relevant education system.
- Widen education access to all Somalilanders, address the problem of pastoral/rural education and explore relevant methods of delivery.
- Minimize educational disparities between boys and girls, regions, rural and urban sectors, and between social strata.
- Increase and strengthen technical and vocational education.
- Emphasise science, mathematics and ICT teaching.
- Promote scientific and technological research.
- Improve institutions and systems capacities and management efficiency.
- Support special education needs for the physically and mentally challenged members of our communities.
- Strengthen health, environment and citizenship education.
- Regulate net classroom study time for school age children in all formal schooling systems, both public and private. It is now clear that the parents are not happy about the short time that kid actually sit in class per day. The out of school holiday months shall also be shortened according to circumstance.
Our Initiatives to Improve the Quality of physical Structures of schools
- Observe building and physical environment standards for schools.
- Provide electricity, drinking water and decent toilets to all schools.
- Explore the idea of pooling of electricity and water supply sources in the rural districts between services ministries: schools, MCHs/health Posts; Vet and environment centres etc.
- Promote use of wind and solar energy technology for sustainable supply of power.
Reforming the Primary School system
The primary education is facing two main basic challenges: a) Net enrolment is extremely low, with boys at 48 per cent and girls at 38 per cent; b) 90 per cent of primary schools have no functioning electricity, 63% have no clean usable latrine, and only 52% have access to water. That has to change 100%.
Our primary education initiatives
- Build 1,000 new classrooms in five years
- Build 30 houses in each region for teachers and renovate old school houses such those in Dayaxa school.
- Develop a primary school system that offers free schooling opportunities for all children of primary school-going age, including children with disabilities and those in need of special care and protection.
- Introduce transparency and strengthening management and operation of the school feeding program; expand coverage to include all rural primary level education.
- Increase budgetary funding, channelling more aid and transferring resources to support decentralization of the primary education sector.
- Decentralize the primary education system to increase the physical and utilities infrastructure; to improve the internal workings of the system; and to ensure efficiency and transparency in the management of its institutions and resources
- Increase the participation of children of pastoral communities from about 10 per cent to at least 80 per cent by 2025; Introduce seasonal schools and using of mobile technology to educate the children of nomadic families on top of available school facilities.
- Recruit resident teachers for rural schools and provide regular service training to such teachers.
- Support literacy programmes including the tradition of early Quranic education in the pastoral and agro-pastoral societies.
- Provide intense training and raise qualification of primary school teachers
- Expand and equip existing schools and supporting the establishment of new ones in lacking areas.
Revitalizing our Secondary schools
The main challenges in our secondary schools concern shortage of access, limited funding resources, low Gross Enrolment Rate and a high level of gender disparity.
The WADDANI Government is committed to eliminating gender disparities (girls disadvantaged); regional disparities (eastern regions disadvantaged); socio- economic sectors disparities (pastoralist seriously disadvantaged) and Income disparities (poorer and marginalized sections of society disadvantaged).
Our Initiative to Reform Secondary Education
- Build 20 Secondary schools in distributed into 6 major regions earmarked for areas without secondary schools.
- Build and equip 40 Computer Labs, 40 Science Labs and 40 Library units distributed to the sub-divisions of all 6 major regions.
- Increase relevant textbooks printing budget by 40% to increase science, math and ICT books availability.
- Support last year public secondary school students with education costs including copying etc.
- Increase secondary schools to enable reasonable access to all communities.
- Revive boarding schools to cater for pastoral and agro-pastoral communities.
- Improve quality secondary education, through reformed curricula, enhanced teaching methods and standards, and quality of management standards.
- Initiate countrywide drive to computerize schools of all levels and to provide relevant labs and internet network connections by cooperating with the private sector and the diaspora to participate in achievement of this target.
- Make information technology an examinable subject.
- Build a strong civic and health education into secondary school curriculum: against drugs and immoral/irreligious activities and for social responsibility and value of work ethics.
- Encourage girls into science and mathematics and retain them in teaching careers.
- Ensure water and electricity supply for all schools and sanitation especially conscious of girls’ needs.
- Support girls’ secondary education and build a support system into the management process to address their dropping out at district and individual school level.
- Build healthy learning competition into the school system: sports, academic, civic duty, Islamic culture, peace and positive world outlook and cross-country interaction tours.
The WADDANI Government is committed to making a major policy shift to promote technical and vocational education expansion and its status among students and communities.
Our Initiative to Promote Technical and vocational education
- Build 30 Technical schools distributed to all regions: Awdal (Seylac, Baki, Dila); Gebiiley (Togwajaale, Alleybaday, Arabsiyo); Maroojeex: (Salaxlay, Cadaadley, Balli-gubadle, Dacarbudhhuq); Saaxil (Berbera, Sheikh); Togdheer (Oodweyne, Ballidhiig, Buuhoodle, Duruqsi); Sool (Las-Caanood, Caynaba, Xudun, Taleex); Sanaag (Maydh, Godmo-biyacas, Ceerigaabo/Dayaxa, Badhan, Las Qoray, Xiin-Galool, Dhahar, Ceel-afweyn, Garadag)
- Fully equip and finance Burco Technical College with the task to: 1. As Technical Teacher Training Institution; 2. Research and experimentation of technical innovation relevant for Somaliland development.
- Build and equip 40 Computer Labs, 40 Science Labs and 40 Libraries all geared towards technical education enhancement.
- Spread Community Technical Skill Centres at village levels in all regions.
- Commissioning a comprehensive survey into strategic labour skill demand of the Somaliland economy in the shorter term (2020); medium term (2030) and longer term (beyond 2040) perspectives.
- Creating a Public-Private Partnership Council to align education and vocational training to changing labour market demands.
- Developing a comprehensive and structured approach. The thrust of growth in the post-basic education shall be on the technical and vocational skills supply sector: Agriculture, livestock, forestry, fishery, construction and roads, minerals work, auto industry, high-tech and knowledge based technology, languages, social services, health industry, tourism, culture and hospitality.
- Reviving Flagship Schools: Hargeisa Technical School for expanded construction skills; Burco Technical Institute for industrial skills; and Sheikh Veterinary College for animal husbandry skills also Camus, Dayaxa and Berbera Agricultural and fisheries Institutes.
- Ensuring access from all Somaliland communities and districts to relevant Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutions and/or VTCs.
- Introducing a standardized and internationally recognized certification system to all levels of Technical Vocational Education and Training.
- Increasing substantially the Somaliland budget allocation by cooperation with donors and the private sector to pool resources for this TVET transformative policy implementation.
- Teaching and training staff in advanced skills
- Recruiting from the international market to build the national skill base.
- Cooperating with regional educational resources and UN agencies for TVET trainings surge.
The Challenges in higher education include: the curricula are too academic; serious limitations of overall capacity of facilities such as libraries, scientific laboratories, computer labs, sport and socialization arenas and premises; limited or total lack of research and development resources; lack or limited Intern, and grant opportunities; lack of effective formal quality control, regulation and comparative performance analysis; complete urban bias; general lack of Job-market demand and curriculum correlation; serious deficiency in gender balance.
Our Initiative to Reform Higher Education
- Increase the employability of graduates by aligning the labour market development and the higher education skills production.
- Diversify higher education institutions to reflect the needs of the economy.
- Specialize different higher learning institution on their strength fields to achieve excellence and hence a focus for our development
- More accessible higher education to citizens in both affordability and spatial reach aspects.
- Strengthen Public Colleges Services to Regions such as the College of Marine sciences in Berbera and support it to serve also Zeila, Lughaye, Karin, Maydh and Las Qoray fishing communities.
- Link universities to the economies of the regions where they are located and strengthening their specialization and research in the relevant fields.
- Expand scholarships and bursaries for high performing students with a focus on the eastern Sool and Sanaag regions
- Introduce standards for quality of higher education and strict monitoring of institutional performance.
- Promote polytechnics and other technical education and training institutes to meet labour market demand and economy growth.
- Create functional linkages between higher education and business and industry.
- Promote distance education and modern technology for off-campus educational qualifications.
- Highlight the importance of R&D (Science, Technology and Innovation) and develop a strategic framework for resource mobilization.
- Support Universities, institutes, development agencies and private enterprises’ research capacities.
- Integrate research skill capacities into all levels of the educational system.
- Raise Government commitment to research and ensure adequate allocation and create an independent R&D Fund to pool resources from different donors.
- Bridge regional/international and national research knowledge and resources.
- Build an online portal as one-stop resource for Somaliland researchers.
Revitalize theatre culture to educate and raise awareness of public in the social, economic, political and cultural development issues in line with their Islamic culture and heritage. The WADDANI Government is committed to the protection, preservation and conservation of Somali cultural heritage inherited from past generations.
Our initiatives to Support Culture and our Islamic Heritage
- Research and Development of Somali art, and documentation of the rich heritage of all its prose and poetry and craft forms.
- Inclusion of relevant components of traditional Somali art, culture and craft in the educational curriculum.
- Research and preservation of historical artefacts.
- Commission a comprehensive study of the disappearing aspects of our heritage: of material, cultural and environmental nature.
- Support Academy for Arts and Science
- Build a national museum for culture and heritage
- Support national and regional libraries
- Establish national achievement awards system and build its legal framework.
- Implement the formation of the Clergy Committee as directed by the relevant Articles of the Somaliland Republic’s Constitution Nos 115 to 121.
- Promote religious teachings and knowledge
- Protect against anti-social activities and extremism.
- Strengthen ZAKA Charity to support the vulnerable sectors of the society and maintenance of mosques.
Our initiatives to Support Culture
- Increased investment on teacher training university faculties and institutes to increase number of graduates per year and improve their skills with special focus on technical, science and math teachers.
- Train teachers to have focus specialization on teaching one of the different levels of schooling.
- Train teachers up to university level education,
- Improve salary levels of teachers at all levels, provide scheduled professional development and secure an appropriate pension benefits system.
- Promote the teaching profession and make it much more competitive field of work to attract the best.
- Transform the old teaching methods now in use and adopt modern more scientific methods for all ages of children especially the entry levels.
The WADDANI government is committed to engaging the youth and to harness its mental and physical energy to build the country. WADDANI played a leading role in breaking the age barriers, which denied youth from running for Local Council elections and is proud to see now youth actively populating the political arena of local governance. Similarly, WADDANI Party organized the first ever conference which brought together youth from all regions of Somaliland. WADDANI is banking on youth economic energy. We believe that the most important asset Somaliland has is its own human resource, of which 70% are youth beaming with new energy waiting to be harnessed.
Youth Political Inclusion
Our Initiative for Full Youth Political inclusion:
- WADDANI is committed to a strong youth inclusion in its Government
- WADDANI Promotes youth participation in the all levels of the party structure.
- WADDANI will review the age barrier to youth from running for the House of Representatives elections in the planned constitutional reform.
Youth Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Our Initiatives to Promote Youth Entrepreneurship and Innovation
- Establish business support centres in all regional headquarters to assist young entrepreneurs: business opportunity information; provide training to young entrepreneurs on all stages of business project preparation and operation.
- Promote IT knowledge based projects: Internet cafés; Computer literacy schools; desktop publishing; Advertising business; Telecom company outlets.
- Support local products and retail trade business incubation for youth venture groups: Livestock slaughter market supply and Hajj Season collectors; Fruits and vegetable supply to major markets; training and support of young fishermen and supply of credit equipment: fishing boats, fishing gear and start-up funds; youth in gums/resins trade; youth in salt-production etc.
- Support youth inventor and innovation initiatives: Government in collaboration with the private sector to support innovators and technical talent among youth, through financial and implementation support of youth projects.
- Allocate 40% of jobs in any public contract, joint public and private contract and aid sector contract to youth of ages 18-35 years.
- Facilitate youth to youth support systems by promoting establishment of youth associations and centres.
- Invest in an annual competition fair for youth economic innovation and entrepreneurship projects. The WADDANI Government will fund successful projects for implementation in cooperation with private sponsors.
Youth and Sports
Our initiatives to promote youth engagement through sports
- Reform the Ministry of Youth and Sports and integrate sports into the development process as well as efforts to build Somaliland regional and international image.
- Facilitate sports and private business linkages to sponsor talented boys and girls to train and compete in international tournaments. Encourage private clubs.
- Include mandatory sports activities in the curriculum for primary and secondary schools.
- Support, national, regional, district and school tournaments. The WADDANI Government will support talented youths to continue their sport career.
- Invest in sports infrastructure, such as stadiums, and gymnasiums.
- Build sport training facilities.
- Encourage diaspora support in developing Somaliland sports training and facilities by twinning diaspora communities in different cities of the world to Somaliland cities.
- Organize national teams and support visits to play with friendly countries in the region and elsewhere.
- Offer to host multi-country sporting events.
The WADDANI government will treat “tahriib” as a major national problem which should be given special attention to tackle it. It is not only loss of the most valuable asset of the country – the young and often educated people, it affects the overall wellbeing and health of the nation; at any given moment, some of families are grieving because of loss of love one, other families are travelling to neighbouring countries desperate to get news about their missing loved ones, while still many other families are struggling with the horrendous ransom money the “magaffe” network is demanding, as captors of their loved ones. We are in fact a nation in distress with no help or support system to turn to.
Our Initiative to Tackle the Illegal Immigration Known as “Tahriib”
- Raise awareness of youth against the luring and trapping of the recruits. Get information on those who survived from the dangerous journey, many of whom are lost in the jungle of foreign cultures and a society that is rejecting them.
- Strife to create international legal access for the Somaliland youth instead of them going the dangerous illegal immigration way through scholarships from friendly countries, through sports and through international employment opportunities.
- Create hope and patriotism through better governance and improvement of their lives at home.
- Build early warning system for the periods when youth are prone to be prey to such acts.
- Build hope in the Somaliland future and WADDANI shall do that by example and not only talking but by engaging the youth in the political, economic and social life of the nation to harness their energy and nurture their motivation for change.
- Facilitate youth meetings to discuss the perils of “Tahriib” system and how to stem its flow.
- WADDANI Government considers “Tahriib” a form of human trafficking and will persecute the criminal networks that are causing such suffering across the spectrum of the society in accordance with the national and international laws.
- Form a Commission which is responsible for researching and documentation of how the criminal system works from beginning to end so that a robust policy is developed to counter it; create a database of information of all missing people to support relatives and strategies of addressing it; profile the criminal gangs and all those involved in the system of recruitment, transportation, safe houses, facilitation of ransom payments and find information of end beneficiaries.
Healthy mothers are essential for a healthy nation. WADDANI will make reproductive and other female health issues central to the national health policy. We will Protect Women’s rights and justice by enacting legislation to safeguard the dignity and human rights of women in accordance with Islamic teaching. We will implement all international instruments in support of women human rights and equity in the governance and development processes.
Our Initiatives to Protect Women’s Rights and Development
- Adopt policies to strengthen family cohesion, integrity and value for healthy society.
- Support women business and address burden of daily levies from Municipalities on low income women petty taders.
- Organize training centres in all regional capitals to build women income generation skills, literacy and numeracy.
- Support to strengthen women self-help groups such as DANWADAAG.
- Support women headed families in IDP camps in main cities.
- Promote retention of women and girls in all levels of education, build their skills and also train them for leadership positions.
- Raise public awareness to stop practices that harm or discriminate against women; Commission studies and sustain public debates to address the outdated traditions and attitudes of the Somali society that undermine the healthy growth of women; Legislate equal opportunity laws and apply human rights laws.
- Support specialized legal clinics to support women victims of abuse; especially rape and domestic violence; prosecute perpetrators.
- Support women in women makeshift markets and school girls to have access to separate sanitary facilities.
Our Initiatives to Protect Rights of Marginalized Communities
- Beef up policies and strengthen laws against all forms of discrimination in accordance with Somaliland Constitution.
- Ensure more effective social and economic access through national programmes focusing access to education opportunities and employment and strengthening institutions serving these communities.
- Improved political participation and leadership roles in all aspects of public life including legislature, judiciary, executive, all security forces and in political parties.
- Promotion of development traditional skills and investment in related industries to create employment.
Environment: Somaliland has been endowed with a rich flora and fauna. Many species of both sectors are already extinct and others are in danger.
Our Initiative to a Sustainable Environment
- Strengthen the Ministry for Environment to spearhead proactive environmental sustainability policies, support other national environmental and disaster preparedness bodies and link up with global sustainable environment frameworks.
- Open national dialogue on changing current local land management and arbitration of land systems; commission a scientific study on how best to manage urban lands and to empower accountable enforcement agencies.
- Educate the public on waste management and the cleanliness of city streets, dry rivers, market places, schools, hospitals and all public places.
- Strengthen Research and Development resources for national universities and institutes to attain scientific analysis capabilities and understanding of the extent, patterns and impact of climate change on our society and way of life.
- Develop policies and strategies to build the adaptive capacities of our production systems and consumption habits.
- Design strategies and programmes for our livestock sector to cope with the changes to create alternative income generation, improve range management; support new ranching initiatives.
- Educate the public on environment protection and revival strategies.
- Introduce Environment laws and improve the management of common natural environment including the rangelands.
- Tree planting campaign for 5 million plants in 5 years.
Clean water is critical for a healthy population especially children. Only a small percentage of the Somaliland people have access to a secure water supply and even a smaller percentage to clean water. More than two-thirds of Hargeisa’s population, in excess of a million, is supplied with untreated water from tankers; the poor are in a very precarious water supply situation, especially during the dry seasons. Shortage of water of both animal and human consumption is still the greatest challenge to the lives of the rural population.
Our Initiatives to Improve Water Security
To increase availability of 1) rural water supply: dig 16 deep wells (rigs), 10 dry river dams, 30 rain water catchment, 240 shallow wells, for the first five years; 2) Urban water supply: running water for the capital city of Hargeisa as well as other 6 regional capitals.
1. Urban Water Supply
- Capital City of Hargeisa water supply: provision of running water to up to 95% of the inhabitants in the first five years: Immediate connection within 8 months of Xumbaweyne wells to the city parts with no running water supply; increase water supply from Geed Deeble through further investment, invest in Horahadley dam, build three smaller dams to catch surrounding mountains drainage and the dry river bed, especially for contingency in the dry season; explore underground water resources in the east and south of the city.
- Reform the Hargeisa Water Agency management system – create an independent Capital City Water Board.
- Full piped water supply for Borame, Gabiley, Berbera, Burco, Ceerigaabo and find potable water source for Laascaanood.
2. Rural Water Supply:
- Develop a National Jiilaal Contingency Strategy for water supply and animal feed. Make available for each of six major regions one deep-drilling rig, a hydrology team and its logistical requirement.
- Dig 16 deep wells (rig), 10 dry river dams, 30 rain water catchment, 240 shallow wells Using solar/wind or hand bump power; All categories of water sources are distributed between the six major regions and their sub- divisions: Awdal, Maroodijeex, Saaxil, Togdheer, Sool, Sanaag.
- Rehabilitate 6 other existing deep wells which not working now arranged with the consent of the community they serve;
- Rehabilitate and upgrade existing major waro/balliyo and with the agreement of local community.
3. Equipment and Power sources:
- Procure several units of heavy digging equipment a complete deep drilling rig system and earth moving machines on top of regional units to implement this plan.
- The water pumps shall be powered by wind mills, solar energy or hand-pumping.
- Mapping Somaliland water potential and developing strategic plans to tackle the water problem. Strengthen the Ministry of Water and other existing relevant institutions to attain WADDANI’s vision for water security.
- Decentralize and empower cities to have the capacities for water infrastructure to increase the supply and sustainability.
- Establish independent water boards to manage water agencies in all major cities and to implement public-private partnership models.
- Build earth dams and subterranean dams to catch run-off water for livestock, farming and industrial development.
- Promote local manufacture of windmills and hand-pumps’ equipment.
- Maximize harvesting of run-off rain water. Regulate that building structures are provided with water catchment facilities.
- Introduce affordable and appropriate water filtration technologies, and facilitate investment in nationally manufactured equipment – priority on rural communities.
- Partner with the business community to supply free water to all schools, mosques, sports stadiums and other major public places.
- Dig hand-pump wells for schools and other public places where depth of aquifer allows.
- Provide incentives, training and logistics support to improve private sector water provision.
- Invest in research and development of alternative water sources, alternative energy for water supply and alternative technologies for water pumping.
Housing: The problem of housing is acute in Somaliland – overcrowding, poor quality and not enough decent homes for the Somaliland people.
Our Initiatives to Address the Housing Problem
- Building 1070 public houses and 3000 rent to own houses within 5 years; plus, the rehabilitation of government agencies’ housing units.
- Create National Housing Agency
- Engaging HABITAT for Humanity for Low Cost Housing models and support
- Build in each of 6 major regions: 30 houses for teachers, 30 houses for the vulnerable groups; 30 houses for the public employees,
- Build in the capital Hargeisa: 30 houses for teachers, 100 houses for the vulnerable communities including the drought displaced, and 200 houses for the public employees;
- Build 200 houses for armed forces to be distributed between the regions
- Implement an Affordable Housing Project with 3000 units, built by private construction companies in cooperation with Central and Local Governments.
- Increase and upgrade building skills through improved technical education and professional bodies.
- Find access to sharia-compliant credit for building and mortgages – banks and other financial institutions.
- Support cooperatives and community/trade associations to assist in housing provision.
- Train village masons and other technical skills provision in the rural communities. Introduce appropriate tested technology for rural housing improvement including use of mud bricks to offset the wood-based building material needs.
- Ensure environmental, social, cultural and economic sustainability of housing.
- Invest in cheaper and sturdier building material production – enforcing quality control of imported building materials.
- Promote research and production of cement from our natural resources in Berbera and elsewhere – both for domestic and export markets.
- Review the status of recorded Government owned houses totalling 1,044 (NDP) and ensure its accountability; enact relevant laws to protect public assets.
- Enforce land use planning and property rights, emphasizing municipal level accountability.
- Set and enforce building and building material standards.
A better functioning economy means improving the movement of people and goods. Currently the Somaliland road network is estimated to be 770 km paved roads (with small ongoing additions), 1225 km unpaved roads and 6,800 km unpaved wheel truck roads (NDP).
Our Initiatives to Improve Standards and Regulations of Transportation
- Prepare a National Road Network Policy and strengthening of transport laws and institutions.
- Develop classification system of national roads categories
- Re-establish the Somaliland Road Authority with its Independent Board and with the principal of Public – Private – Partnership.
- Reverse the increasing trend of vehicle-related accidents: a) enforce vehicle standards and traffic regulations to improve safety b) introduce mandatory driver use of seat belts, c) regulate the speed and number of passengers per seat; d) use stricter guidelines for driver licensing and categories of vehicles.
- Regulate city bus routes to provide services to all communities and reduce peak time queues.
- Classify road contractors in a transparent non-partisan manner to establish standards.
- Award road contracts in a non-party, non-clan and non-crony, no rent- seeking transparent basis.
- Emphasize maintenance in a regionally balanced and decentralized manner.
- Ensure accountability of funds raised from people for road building especially the Ceerigaabo-Burco road, but also other major road projects.
- Enact laws to govern transparency and accountability of public donations and Government contributions.
- Improve airports in all major cities and regional capitals.
Upgrading Airport and Seaports
- Investment in smaller ports which shall have increased economic importance such as: Lughaye, Seylac, Xiis, Maydh, and Lasqoray
- Expanding and modernizing Grade A airports in Berbera and Hargeisa
- Building and energizing Grade B regional airports: Borame, Kalabaydh, Burco, Laascoonood and Ceerigaabo.
- Oil Exploration companies shall be required to build Grade C airports in their areas of operation.
- Seek international investment to build major ports to spread the development benefits to all Somaliland regions and access to corresponding hinterland zones
- Invest in Somaliland shipping transport.
Road Networks Development
Our Initiative to Connect Seaports to Production Centres centres
Lawyacado – Berbera – Lasqoray
Seylac – Borame; Lughaye - Borame;
Ceelsheekh – Hargeisa;
Maydh - Ceerigaabo;
Lasqoray – Badhan – Ceerigaabo;
Berbera – Xagal – Ceel-afweyn;
Berbera – Burco; Berbera – Cadaadley – Harasheekh;
Berber – Hargeysa - Togwajaale
Xiis-Godmo-Biyacas – Ceerigaabo;
Lughaye – Gabily;
Our Initiative to Connect Production centres and Major Regional Markets
Awdal: Lughaye –Borame; Seylac – Cabdilkadir – Boon; Baki-Borama;
Gabiiley: Lughaye – Gabiiley; Gebiiley – Faraweyne
Maroodijeex: Hargeysa - Balligubadle; Hargeysa – Ina Guuxaa; Hargeysa – Cadaadley – Gacanlibaax; Hargeysa – Ceel Sheekh; Hargeysa – Alleybaday; Hargeysa – Sabawanaag; Hargeysa – Odweyne - Burco
Saaxil: Bulaxaar – Dacarbudhuq; Daragodle – Laasadacawo – Huddise; Berbera- Xagal- Laasdhuurre; Berbera – Xiis –Lasqoray
Togdheer: Burco – qorilugud - Buuhoodle; Burco-Ballidhiig; Burco-Duruqsi; Oodweyne – Khaatumo
Sool: Laascaanood – Ceelafweyn; Lasanood – Xudun – Taleex; Oog – Gawsaweyne – Garadag, Laas-caanood – Buuhoodle; Laascaanood – Dharkayn Geeye
Sanaag: Xiis-Cerigabo; Cerigabo – Carmaale – Ceelbuh – Buraan; Ceerigabo – Fiqifuliye – Xingalool- Dhahar; Laasdhuurre – Ceelafweyn; Ceerigabo – Midishi; Lasqoray – Ceelaayo; Ceerigaabo – Laascaanood;
Our Initiative to Acquire Heavy Road Building Equipment
- Waddani Government road building strategy is anchored on creating the technological capability at both national and regional levels: Motor Graders, Wheel Loaders, Excavators, Bulldozers, Wheeled Backhoe Loaders, Vibro Rollers, Pneumatic tyers Rollers, Pedestrian Rollers, Plate Compactors, Tampers, Tippers, Dumb Trucks, Cargo Trucks, Water Bowsers, Low Bed Tractors, Self-loading Trucks, Mobile Workshops and Bitumen Distributor Tanks.
- Each of all six major regions shall be allocated with one road unit: Motor Grader, Wheel Loader, Tipper, and Water Bowser.
- Heavy equipment shall be owned by the Ministry of Transport at the custody of Somaliland Roads Authority. The Equipment shall be commercially used for rent to both Government and Private contractors projects.
Our Initiative to Develop Urban Masterplans with following components: Transportation and Traffic, Community Facilities; Parks and Open Space, neighbourhoods and Housing, economic Development, Land Use etc
Capital City of Hargeisa: Transport and other Urban Services Development
- Prepare a masterplan of the capital city to reflect its development in the short, medium and longer-term perspective.
- Renovate all Hargeisa main roads to a standard comparable to capital cities in the world. Within the first year rehabilitate the main streets around which Haregeisa is built to international standards (from Airport towards North (Dalodha), and (From eastern checkpoint to the western checkpoint).
- Build a Ring Road which goes around the city and connect to major roads coming out of the city, to ease congestion of traffic within city and create access for heavy vehicles. Ministry of Transport will cooperate with Local Government to design a ring-route which takes into consideration future development of the Capital city.
- Build at least three key main streets that contribute to the economy of the city especially job-creation (for industrial zones, for business parks etc.) in the next five years.
- Light all major city streets, to ensure citizens’ security and comfort .
- Commission engineers to design a modern drainage system for the city which can accommodate city growth according to masterplan. And which immediately stops the sand washed to clog city streets whenever it rains in the city.
- Allocate pedestrian space in all main streets specially in the crowded areas of the city, such as along the two main roads: South-North and East-West.
- Create space for public services development – city transport, schools, universities, hospitals, police and fire stations etc. in each sector of the city.
- Create recreation space for the city population in all its sectors and for its future development
- Protect the historical places which enrich the capital city living and attract tourists to create employment.
- Design annual fairs so that the citizens in all corners of Somaliland and in the diaspora will come and contribute to economic wellness of the city.
- Maintain its historical buildings and places such mosques and other public buildings and their space.
Other Regional Capitals Transport and Urban Development:
- Prepare City Masterplans for all regional capitals: Ceerigabo, Laascaanood, Burco, Gebiiley, Borame, Berbera.
- Build at least 1 main paved road for each of all main regional capitals, which significantly contribute to the economy of the city and its job creation, considering each city’s main source of employment.
- Support local government to light city streets and to create pedestrian lanes.
- Create public space for services development and for recreation of regional capitals.